Anxiety Disorder: Approach Anxiety

[Writer Name]

[Supervisor Name]

[Subject]

[Date]

Anxiety Disorder: Approach Anxiety

 

“Imagine walking into a room and all of a sudden experiencing a rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, severe neck pain or tension, accompanied by stomach cramps and being drenched in sweat. Men with anxiety disorders experience these symptoms on a frequent basis” (Public Speaking Anxiety 2010). This is called Approach anxiety.

“Approach anxiety is one of the personality disorders that men suffer the most from. This type of anxiety relates to anticipated and social interactions.” Usually men get anxious while they are approaching, or even thinking about approaching, an attractive woman to start conversation with the intent of starting a romantic relationship (Orman 2010).

“Although is uncommon for a person to experience anxiety in a social environment, most men do suffer from it. Like everything, some to more extremes than others. Men who are described as shy are men who are most likely to be suffering from approach anxiety” (Hall-Flavin 2011). We should not be confused with an introverted person, who chooses to be alone or in quiet settings. Men who suffer from approach anxiety would like to have more friends and they do not like being shy. Approach anxiety sufferers admit that the root of their anxiety is the social interaction, and are willing to seek professional help (Daly 2011).

Approach anxiety provokes the usual anxiety symptoms as well as its own unique ones. men feel nervous, they cannot concentrate, increased physiological arousal. Some of the branches that approach anxiety falls through are dating anxiety and stage fright, communication anxiety, and reticence. Their biggest fear is to be judge by others (Cuncic 2011). They feel very awkward when they have to engage in conversation with men. They are very self-conscious and are so concentrated with how they are coming across that they are not capable of carrying on a normal conversation. These symptoms are not unrecognizable; other will notice how tense and uncomfortable the person seems. They are more likely to blush, and to stumble with their words (NIMH 2010).

Men who suffer from this type of anxiety are very pessimistic. They expect things to go wrong, that is in situations as well as in relationships (ADAA 2010). They feel that potential friendships as we as romantic interest will fail before they even give it a chance. This pessimism also contributes to their lack of skills when it comes to social interactions. Many will confuse shyness with uninterested or unintelligent men. Shy men will keep conversations short and will not express much of them (Public Speaking Anxiety 2010).

“In general, an anxiety disorder involves having a feeling of dying or losing control (Orman 2010). Symptoms such as heart pounding, shaking, breathing difficulty, and extreme fear can occur without any warning and can last for minutes or hours.” Symptoms can also include chest pains, choking, abdominal pain (nausea), dizziness, dread, sweating and a desire to flee (Hall-Flavin 2011). Some anxiety attacks are not precipitated by anything noticeable, and others might be triggered by individual situations such as being in a crowd or even becoming overly stressed.

When it comes to treatment of anxiety disorders, there are several approaches. One of them involves educating the patient. Sometimes patients have a passive role in this method, regularly listening to health care experts telling them about their anxiety disorder (Daly 2011). The information that is given is more often than not broad and usually overly simplified and not pertinent to the patient.

“In order to prevent this, patients need to take an active role in the learning process. Another approach involves developing the patient’s awareness of their disorder. This approach actually builds up the patient’s self-confidence. With this knowledge the patient’s symptoms would be reduced, and they would be better equipped to handling their attacks” (Cuncic 2011). Any changes in the patient’s self-confidence would result in positive health changes developing.

“Anxiety disorders are conceivably the most common and frequently occurring mental disorders. They can be found in children, adolescents, and adults. They consist of a group of conditions that cause anxiety as the main disturbance of a person’s temperament or emotional attitude” (NIMH 2010). “Anxiety, which may be implicit as the pathological complement of usual panic, is marked by disturbances of disposition as well as of thoughts, activities and physiological activity. These disorders are present throughout all human ethnicities” (ADAA 2010).

“The possibility of someone developing an anxiety disorder depends upon a combination of certain events of life, psychological attributes, and genes. Some anxiety disorders, such as panic disorders, seem to have more ties to genetics than others. Other anxiety disorders are based on events of life” (Public Speaking Anxiety 2010).

“Anxiety disorders are receptive to psychiatric therapy and to a wide range of other psychotherapies (Orman 2010); over recent years, there has been a growing interest for concentrated therapies that deal with methods of dealing with anxiety symptoms straightforwardly, instead of finding personal susceptibility.” There are patients who have these types of disorders who can benefit both from psychoanalysis and drug therapy (Hall-Flavin 2011). This can be done together or one after the other. It is possible that these types of treatments are very important and are probably more beneficial when set aside for patients who have more complex, complicated, or severe disorders. Anxiety disorders can be extremely incapacitating, yet they react well to treatment when the disease is diagnosed early (Daly 2011). It is certainly not a condition to be taken lightly.

“Because there appears to be a genetic component to Panic Disorder, pharmacotherapy plays an important role in the treatment of Panic Disorder (Cuncic 2011). These would include (by Generic and Brand names): alprazolam (Xanax), buspirone (Buspar), chlordiazepoxide (Librium), clorazepate (Tranxene), diazepam (Valium), hydroxyzine HCI (Hydroxyzine HCL), hydroxyzine pamoate (Vistaril), lorazepam (Ativan), Oxazepam (Serax), paroxetine HCI (Paxil), sertraline (Zoloft), Effexor XR, Lexapro, or Paxil CR. However, medication should be used in conjunction with Cognitive-Behavioral therapy” (NIMH 2010).

In general, Cognitive Therapy involves working with the patient to modify their everyday thoughts (that are unrealistic), while Behavior Therapy involves working with the patient to modify their everyday behavior (practicing new behaviors) – with the aim of positively influencing their emotions (ADAA 2010).

The immediate goal of the therapist is to reduce patient symptoms (anxiety and somatic symptoms). This can be done by decreasing social stressors and developing positive and effective coping skills to increase the patient’s functioning Cognitive interventions would be cognitive (thought) restructuring and panic education (Public Speaking Anxiety 2010). Behavioral interventions would include relaxation (progressive muscle relaxation and guided imagery to name just a few), meditation, teaching the patient to recognize the bodily sensations they are experiencing and what to do (relaxation breathing) they when they feel these sensations coming on, and even Exposure Therapy (if the panic attacks are the result of a phobia, i.e., fear of crowds, etc.) (Orman 2010).

There are many forms of treatment for men suffering from approach anxiety. Researchers have found that shy men suffer the most when they have to begin a social encounter. Once they have engaged in a conversation they are less likely to feel awkward (Hall-Flavin 2011). The initiation of an interaction is what brings the most… <<to be continued>>..

This entry was posted in Assignment and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>